take1 W1S1 [teık] v past tense took [tuk] past participle taken [ˈteıkən]
4¦(time/money/effort etc)¦
6¦(hold something)¦
16 do you take sugar/milk?
21 somebody can take it or leave it
22 take somebody/something (for example)
25 take somebody out of themselves
26 take a lot out of you/take it out of you
27 take it upon/on yourself to do something
28 take something to bits/pieces
29 be taken with/by something
30 be taken ill/sick
32 take a bend/fence/corner etc
33¦(have an effect)¦
Phrasal verbs
 be taken aback
 take after somebody
 take somebody/something apart
 take against somebody/something
 take somebody/something<=>away
 take away from something
 take somebody/something<=>back
 take something<=>down
 take somebody/something<=>in
 take off
 take somebody/something<=>on
 take somebody/something<=>out
 take something out on somebody
 take over
 take to somebody/something
 take something up
 take somebody up on something
 take up with somebody/something
[Date: 1000-1100; : Old Norse; Origin: taka]
1.) ¦(ACTION)¦ [T]
used with a noun instead of using a verb to describe an action. For example, if you take a walk, you walk somewhere
Would you like to take a look?
Mike's just taking a shower.
Sara took a deep breath.
I waved, but he didn't take any notice (=pretended not to notice) . BrE
Please take a seat (=sit down) .
take a picture/photograph/photo
Would you mind taking a photo of us together?
2.) ¦(MOVE)¦ [T]
to move or go with someone or something from one place to another
≠ ↑bring take sb/sth to/into etc sth
Barney took us to the airport.
Would you mind taking Susie home ?
When he refused to give his name, he was taken into custody.
My job has taken me all over the world.
take sb/sth with you
His wife went to Australia, taking the children with her.
take sb sth
I have to take Steve the money tonight.
take sb to do sth
He took me to meet his parents.
see usage notebringsee usage notedirect2
3.) ¦(REMOVE)¦ [T]
to remove something from a place
take sth off/from etc sth
Take your feet off the seats.
Someone's taken a pen from my desk.
Police say money and jewellery were taken in the raid.
take away
if something takes a particular amount of time, money, effort etc, that amount of time etc is needed for it to happen or succeed
How long is this going to take ?
Organizing a successful street party takes a lot of energy.
take (sb) sth (to do sth)
Repairs take time to carry out.
It took a few minutes for his eyes to adjust to the dark.
take (sb) ages/forever informal
It took me ages to find a present for Dad.
take some doing
BrE informal (=need a lot of time or effort)
Catching up four goals will take some doing.
take courage/guts
It takes courage to admit you are wrong.
have what it takes informal (=to have the qualities that are needed for success)
Neil's got what it takes to be a great footballer.
5.) ¦(ACCEPT)¦ [T]
to accept or choose something that is offered, suggested, or given to you
Will you take the job?
Do you take American Express?
If you take my advice , you'll see a doctor.
Our helpline takes 3.5 million calls (=telephone calls) a year.
Some doctors are unwilling to take new patients without a referral.
Liz found his criticisms hard to take .
I just can't take any more (=can't deal with a bad situation any longer) .
Staff have agreed to take a 2% pay cut.
take a hammering/beating
(=be forced to accept defeat or a bad situation)
Small businesses took a hammering in the last recession.
I take your point/point taken
(=used to say that you accept someone's opinion)
take sb's word for it/take it from sb
(=accept that what someone says is true)
That's the truth - take it from me .
take the credit/blame/responsibility
He's the kind of man who makes things happen but lets others take the credit.
take it as read/given
(= ↑assumethat something is correct or certain, because you are sure that this is the case )
It isn't official yet, but you can take it as read that you've got the contract.
to get hold of something in your hands
Let me take your coat.
Can you take this package while I get my wallet?
take sb/sth in/by sth
I just wanted to take him in my arms.
see usage notehold1
7.) ¦(TRAVEL)¦ [T]
to use a particular form of transport or a particular road in order to go somewhere
Let's take a cab.
I took the first plane out.
Take the M6 to Junction 19.
8.) ¦(STUDY)¦ [T]
to study a particular subject in school or college for an examination
Are you taking French next year?
9.) ¦(TEST)¦ [T]
to do an examination or test
British Equivalent: sit
Applicants are asked to take a written test.
10.)¦(SUITABLE)¦ [T not in progressive or passive]
to be the correct or suitable size, type etc for a particular person or thing
a car that takes low sulphur fuel
What size shoe do you take?
The elevator takes a maximum of 32 people.
11.) ¦(COLLECT)¦ [T]
to collect or gather something for a particular purpose
Investigators will take samples of the wreckage to identify the cause.
take sth from sth
The police took a statement from both witnesses.
12.) ¦(CONSIDER)¦ [I,T always + adverb/preposition]
to react to someone or something or consider them in a particular way
take sb/sth seriously/badly/personally etc
I was joking, but he took me seriously.
Ben took the news very badly.
She does not take kindly to criticism (=reacts badly to criticism) .
take sth as sth
I'll take that remark as a compliment.
take sth as evidence/proof (of sth)
The presence of dust clouds has been taken as evidence of recent star formation.
take sb/sth to be sth
I took her to be his daughter.
take sb/sth for sth
Of course I won't tell anyone! What do you take me for? (=what sort of person do you think I am?)
I take it (=Iassume) you've heard that Rick's resigned.
13.) ¦(FEELINGS)¦ [T usually + adverb]
to have or experience a particular feeling
take delight/pleasure/pride etc in (doing) sth
You should take pride in your work.
At first, he took no interest in the baby.
take pity on sb
She stood feeling lost until an elderly man took pity on her.
take offence
(=feel offended)
Don't take offence. Roger says things like that to everybody.
take comfort from/in (doing) sth
Investors can take comfort from the fact that the World Bank is underwriting the shares.
14.) ¦(CONTROL)¦ [T]
to get possession or control of something
Enemy forces have taken the airport.
Both boys were taken prisoner.
take control/charge/power
The communists took power in 1948.
Youngsters need to take control of their own lives.
take the lead
(=in a race, competition etc)
to swallow, breathe in, ↑inject etc a drug or medicine
The doctor will ask whether you are taking any medication.
Take two tablets before bedtime.
take drugs
(=take illegal drugs)
Most teenagers start taking drugs through boredom.
She took an overdose after a row with her boyfriend.
16.) do you take sugar/milk?
spoken BrE used to ask someone whether they like to have sugar or milk in a drink such as tea or coffee
17.) ¦(LEVEL)¦ [T always + adverb/preposition]
to make someone or something go to a higher level or position
take sth to/into sth
The latest raise takes his salary into six figures.
Even if you have the talent to take you to the top , there's no guarantee you'll get there.
If you want to take it further , you should consult an attorney.
18.) ¦(MEASURE)¦ [T]
to measure the amount, level, rate etc of something
Take the patient's pulse first.
19.) ¦(NUMBERS)¦ [T]
to make a number smaller by a particular amount
= ↑subtract take sth away/take sth (away) from sth
'Take four from nine and what do you get?' 'Five.'
Ten take away nine equals one.
20.)¦(MONEY)¦ [T]
BrE if a shop, business etc takes a particular amount of money, it receives that amount of money from its customers
American Equivalent: take in
The stall took £25 on Saturday.
21.) sb can take it or leave it
a) to neither like nor dislike something
To some people, smoking is addictive. Others can take it or leave it.
b) used to say that you do not care whether someone accepts your offer or not
22.) take sb/sth (for example)
used to give an example of something you have just been talking about
People love British cars. Take the Mini. In Japan, it still sells more than all the other British cars put together.
23.) ¦(TEACH)¦ [T]
BrE to teach a particular group of students in a school or college
take sb for sth
Who takes you for English?
24.) ¦(WRITE)¦ [T]
to write down information
Let me take your email address.
Sue offered to take notes .
25.) take sb out of themselves
BrE to make someone forget their problems and feel more confident
Alf said joining the club would take me out of myself.
26.) take a lot out of you/take it out of you
to make you very tired
Looking after a baby really takes it out of you.
27.) take it upon/on yourself to do sth
formal to decide to do something without getting someone's permission or approval first
Reg took it upon himself to hand the press a list of names.
28.) take sth to bits/pieces
BrE to separate something into its different parts
how to take an engine to bits
29.) be taken with/by sth
to be attracted by a particular idea, plan, or person
I'm quite taken by the idea of Christmas in Berlin.
30.) be taken ill/sick
formal to suddenly become ill
31.) ¦(SEX)¦ [T]
literary if a man takes someone, he has sex with them
32.) take a bend/fence/corner etc
to try to get over or around something in a particular way
He took the bend at over 60 and lost control.
if a treatment, ↑dye, drug etc takes, it begins to work successfully
be taken aback [i]phr v
to be very surprised about something
Emma was somewhat taken aback by his directness.
take after [take after sb] phr v
to look or behave like an older relative
Jenni really takes after her mother.
take apart [take sb/sth apart] phr v
1.) to separate something into all its different parts
≠ ↑put together
Tom was always taking things apart in the garage.
2.) to search a place very thoroughly
The police took the house apart looking for clues.
3.) to beat someone very easily in a game, sport, fight etc
4.) to show that someone is wrong or something is not true
Tariq takes several gay myths apart in his book.
take against / [take against sb/sth] phr v
to begin to dislike someone or something, especially without a good reason
Voters took against the relationship between the government and the unions in the 1970s.
take away [take sb/sth<=>away] phr v
1.) to remove someone or something, or make something disappear
She whisked the tray off the table and took it away.
He was taken away to begin a prison sentence.
This should take some of the pain away.
2.) to take away
BrE if you buy food to take away, you buy cooked food from a restaurant and take it outside to eat it somewhere else
Fish and chips to take away, please.
3.) take your breath away
to be very beautiful, exciting, or surprising
take away from [take away from sth] phr v
to spoil the good effect or success that something has
The disagreement between the two men should not take away from their accomplishments.
take back [take sb/sth<=>back] phr v
1.) take sth<=>back
to admit that you were wrong to say something
You'd better take back that remark!
2.) take sth<=>back
to take something you have bought back to a shop because it is not suitable
If the shirt doesn't fit, take it back.
3.) to make you remember a time in the past
Having the grandchildren around takes me back to the days when my own children were small.
take down [take sth<=>down] phr v
1.) to move something that is fixed in a high position to a lower position
She made us take down all the posters.
2.) to write down information
Can I just take some details down?
3.) to pull a piece of clothing such as trousers part of the way down your legs
take in [take sb/sth<=>in] phr v
1.) be taken in
to be completely deceived by someone who lies to you
Don't be taken in by products claiming to help you lose weight in a week.
2.) take sb<=>in
to let someone stay in your house because they have nowhere else to stay
Brett's always taking in stray animals.
3.) take sth<=>in
to understand and remember new facts and information
= ↑absorb
He watches the older kids, just taking it all in.
His eyes quickly took in the elegance of her dress.
4.) take sth<=>in
AmE to collect or earn a particular amount of money
British Equivalent: take
5.) to visit a place while you are in the area
They continued a few miles further to take in Hinton House.
6.) AmE old-fashioned if you take in a show, play etc, you go to see it
7.) take sb<=>in
BrE old-fashioned if the police take someone in, they take them to a police station to ask them questions about a crime
All five teenagers were arrested and taken in for questioning .
8.) take sth<=>in
to make a piece of clothing fit you by making it narrower
≠ ↑let out
take off phr v
1.) ¦(REMOVE)¦
take sth<=>off
to remove a piece of clothing
≠ ↑put on
He sat on the bed to take his boots off.
Charlie was taking off his shirt when the phone rang.
2.) ¦(AIRCRAFT)¦
if an aircraft takes off, it rises into the air from the ground
= ↑lift off
I felt quite excited as the plane took off from Heathrow.
3.) ¦(SUCCESS)¦
to suddenly start being successful
Mimi became jealous when Jack's career started taking off .
4.) ¦(HOLIDAY)¦
take sth off (sth)
to have a holiday from work on a particular day, or for a particular length of time
take time off (work/school)
I rang my boss and arranged to take some time off.
take a day/the afternoon etc off
Dad took the day off to come with me.
take sb<=>off
BrE informal to copy the way someone speaks or behaves, in order to entertain people
take on [take sb/sth<=>on] phr v
1.) take sb<=>on
to start to employ someone
We're taking on 50 new staff this year.
2.) take sth<=>on
to agree to do some work or be responsible for something
Don't take on too much work - the extra cash isn't worth it.
3.) take sth<=>on
to begin to have a particular quality or appearance
Her face took on a fierce expression.
His life had taken on a new dimension.
4.) take sb<=>on
to compete against someone or start a fight with someone, especially someone bigger or better than you
Nigeria will take on Argentina in the first round of the World Cup on Saturday.
He was prepared to take on anyone who laid a finger on us.
5.) take sth<=>on
if a plane or ship takes on people or things, they come onto it
We stopped to take on fuel.
take out [take sb/sth<=>out] phr v
1.) take sb<=>out
to take someone as your guest to a restaurant, cinema, club etc
take somebody<=>out for
We're taking my folks out for a meal next week.
2.) take sth<=>out
to make a financial or legal arrangement with a bank, company, law court etc
take out a policy/injunction/loan etc
Before taking a loan out, calculate your monthly outgoings.
3.) take sth<=>out
to get money from your bank account
How much would you like to take out?
4.) take sth<=>out
to borrow books from a library
You can take out six books at a time.
5.) take sb/sth<=>out informal
to kill someone or destroy something
The building was taken out by a bomb.
take out on [take sth out on sb] phr v
to treat someone badly when you are angry or upset, even though it is not their fault
Don't take it out on me just because you've had a bad day.
take your anger/frustration etc out on sb
Irritated with herself, she took her annoyance out on Bridget.
take over phr v
to take control of something
→↑takeover take sth<=>over
His only reason for investing in the company was to take it over.
Ruth moved into our apartment and promptly took over.
take to / [take to sb/sth] phr v
1.) to start to like someone or something
Sandra took to it straight away .
Charles was an odd character whom Kelly had never really taken to.
2.) to start doing something regularly
take to doing sth
Dee's taken to getting up at 6 and going jogging.
3.) take to your bed
to get into your bed and stay there
He was so depressed, he took to his bed for a week.
take up [take sth up] phr v
1.) take sth<=>up
to become interested in a new activity and to spend time doing it
Roger took painting up for a while, but soon lost interest.
2.) to start a new job or have a new responsibility
Peter will take up the management of the finance department.
take up a post/a position/duties etc
The headteacher takes her duties up in August.
3.) take sth<=>up
if you take up a suggestion, problem, complaint etc, you start to do something about it
Now the papers have taken up the story.
take something<=>up with
The hospital manager has promised to take the matter up with the member of staff involved.
I am still very angry and will be taking it up with the authorities.
4.) to fill a particular amount of time or space
be taken up with sth
The little time I had outside of school was taken up with work.
take up space/room
old books that were taking up space in the office
5.) take sth<=>up
to accept a suggestion, offer, or idea
Rob took up the invitation to visit.
take up the challenge/gauntlet
Rick took up the challenge and cycled the 250 mile route alone.
6.) to move to the exact place where you should be, so that you are ready to do something
The runners are taking up their positions on the starting line.
7.) take sth<=>up
to make a piece of clothing shorter
≠ ↑let down
8.) take sth<=>up
to continue a story or activity that you or someone else had begun, after a short break
I'll take up the story where you left off.
take up on [take sb up on sth] phr v
to accept an invitation or suggestion
take sb up on an offer/a promise/a suggestion etc
I'll take you up on that offer of a drink, if it still stands.
take up with / [take up with sb/sth] phr v
old-fashioned to become friendly with someone, especially someone who may influence you badly
take 2
take2 n
an occasion when a film scene, song, action etc is recorded
We had to do six takes for this particular scene.
2.) sb's take (on sth)
someone's opinion about a situation or idea
What's your take on this issue?
3.) be on the take informal
to be willing to do something wrong in return for money
Is it true that some of the generals are on the take?
4.) [usually singular] AmE informal the amount of money earned by a shop or business in a particular period of time

Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.

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