- take1 W1S1 [teık] v past tense took [tuk] past participle taken [ˈteıkən]▬▬▬▬▬▬▬1¦(action)¦2¦(move)¦3¦(remove)¦4¦(time/money/effort etc)¦5¦(accept)¦6¦(hold something)¦7¦(travel)¦8¦(study)¦9¦(test)¦10¦(suitable)¦11¦(collect)¦12¦(consider)¦13¦(feelings)¦14¦(control)¦15¦(medicine/drugs)¦16 do you take sugar/milk?17¦(level)¦18¦(measure)¦19¦(numbers)¦20¦(money)¦21 somebody can take it or leave it22 take somebody/something (for example)23¦(teach)¦24¦(write)¦25 take somebody out of themselves26 take a lot out of you/take it out of you27 take it upon/on yourself to do something28 take something to bits/pieces29 be taken with/by something30 be taken ill/sick31¦(sex)¦32 take a bend/fence/corner etc33¦(have an effect)¦Phrasal verbsbe taken abacktake after somebodytake somebody/something aparttake against somebody/somethingtake somebody/something<=>awaytake away from somethingtake somebody/something<=>backtake something<=>downtake somebody/something<=>intake offtake somebody/something<=>ontake somebody/something<=>outtake something out on somebodytake overtake to somebody/somethingtake something uptake somebody up on somethingtake up with somebody/something▬▬▬▬▬▬▬[Date: 1000-1100; : Old Norse; Origin: taka]1.) ¦(ACTION)¦ [T]used with a noun instead of using a verb to describe an action. For example, if you take a walk, you walk somewhere▪ Would you like to take a look?▪ Mike's just taking a shower.▪ Sara took a deep breath.▪ I waved, but he didn't take any notice (=pretended not to notice) . BrE▪ Please take a seat (=sit down) .take a picture/photograph/photo▪ Would you mind taking a photo of us together?2.) ¦(MOVE)¦ [T]to move or go with someone or something from one place to another≠ ↑bring take sb/sth to/into etc sth▪ Barney took us to the airport.▪ Would you mind taking Susie home ?▪ When he refused to give his name, he was taken into custody.▪ My job has taken me all over the world.take sb/sth with you▪ His wife went to Australia, taking the children with her.take sb sth▪ I have to take Steve the money tonight.take sb to do sth▪ He took me to meet his parents.3.) ¦(REMOVE)¦ [T]to remove something from a placetake sth off/from etc sth▪ Take your feet off the seats.▪ Someone's taken a pen from my desk.▪ Police say money and jewellery were taken in the raid.→take away4.) ¦(TIME/MONEY/EFFORT ETC)¦ [I and T]if something takes a particular amount of time, money, effort etc, that amount of time etc is needed for it to happen or succeed▪ How long is this going to take ?▪ Organizing a successful street party takes a lot of energy.take (sb) sth (to do sth)▪ Repairs take time to carry out.▪ It took a few minutes for his eyes to adjust to the dark.take (sb) ages/forever informal▪ It took me ages to find a present for Dad.take some doingBrE informal (=need a lot of time or effort)▪ Catching up four goals will take some doing.take courage/guts▪ It takes courage to admit you are wrong.have what it takes informal (=to have the qualities that are needed for success)▪ Neil's got what it takes to be a great footballer.5.) ¦(ACCEPT)¦ [T]to accept or choose something that is offered, suggested, or given to you▪ Will you take the job?▪ Do you take American Express?▪ If you take my advice , you'll see a doctor.▪ Our helpline takes 3.5 million calls (=telephone calls) a year.▪ Some doctors are unwilling to take new patients without a referral.▪ Liz found his criticisms hard to take .▪ I just can't take any more (=can't deal with a bad situation any longer) .▪ Staff have agreed to take a 2% pay cut.take a hammering/beating(=be forced to accept defeat or a bad situation)▪ Small businesses took a hammering in the last recession.I take your point/point taken(=used to say that you accept someone's opinion)take sb's word for it/take it from sb(=accept that what someone says is true)▪ That's the truth - take it from me .take the credit/blame/responsibility▪ He's the kind of man who makes things happen but lets others take the credit.take it as read/given(= ↑assumethat something is correct or certain, because you are sure that this is the case )▪ It isn't official yet, but you can take it as read that you've got the contract.6.) ¦(HOLD SOMETHING)¦ [T]to get hold of something in your hands▪ Let me take your coat.▪ Can you take this package while I get my wallet?take sb/sth in/by sth▪ I just wanted to take him in my arms.see usage note ↑hold17.) ¦(TRAVEL)¦ [T]to use a particular form of transport or a particular road in order to go somewhere▪ Let's take a cab.▪ I took the first plane out.▪ Take the M6 to Junction 19.8.) ¦(STUDY)¦ [T]to study a particular subject in school or college for an examination▪ Are you taking French next year?9.) ¦(TEST)¦ [T]to do an examination or testBritish Equivalent: sit▪ Applicants are asked to take a written test.10.)¦(SUITABLE)¦ [T not in progressive or passive]to be the correct or suitable size, type etc for a particular person or thing▪ a car that takes low sulphur fuel▪ What size shoe do you take?▪ The elevator takes a maximum of 32 people.11.) ¦(COLLECT)¦ [T]to collect or gather something for a particular purpose▪ Investigators will take samples of the wreckage to identify the cause.take sth from sth▪ The police took a statement from both witnesses.12.) ¦(CONSIDER)¦ [I,T always + adverb/preposition]to react to someone or something or consider them in a particular waytake sb/sth seriously/badly/personally etc▪ I was joking, but he took me seriously.▪ Ben took the news very badly.▪ She does not take kindly to criticism (=reacts badly to criticism) .take sth as sth▪ I'll take that remark as a compliment.take sth as evidence/proof (of sth)▪ The presence of dust clouds has been taken as evidence of recent star formation.take sb/sth to be sth▪ I took her to be his daughter.take sb/sth for sth▪ Of course I won't tell anyone! What do you take me for? (=what sort of person do you think I am?)▪ I take it (=Iassume) you've heard that Rick's resigned.13.) ¦(FEELINGS)¦ [T usually + adverb]to have or experience a particular feelingtake delight/pleasure/pride etc in (doing) sth▪ You should take pride in your work.▪ At first, he took no interest in the baby.take pity on sb▪ She stood feeling lost until an elderly man took pity on her.take offence(=feel offended)▪ Don't take offence. Roger says things like that to everybody.take comfort from/in (doing) sth▪ Investors can take comfort from the fact that the World Bank is underwriting the shares.14.) ¦(CONTROL)¦ [T]to get possession or control of something▪ Enemy forces have taken the airport.▪ Both boys were taken prisoner.take control/charge/power▪ The communists took power in 1948.▪ Youngsters need to take control of their own lives.take the lead(=in a race, competition etc)15.) ¦(MEDICINE/DRUGS)¦ [T]to swallow, breathe in, ↑inject etc a drug or medicine▪ The doctor will ask whether you are taking any medication.▪ Take two tablets before bedtime.take drugs(=take illegal drugs)▪ Most teenagers start taking drugs through boredom.▪ She took an overdose after a row with her boyfriend.16.) do you take sugar/milk?spoken BrE used to ask someone whether they like to have sugar or milk in a drink such as tea or coffee17.) ¦(LEVEL)¦ [T always + adverb/preposition]to make someone or something go to a higher level or positiontake sth to/into sth▪ The latest raise takes his salary into six figures.▪ Even if you have the talent to take you to the top , there's no guarantee you'll get there.▪ If you want to take it further , you should consult an attorney.18.) ¦(MEASURE)¦ [T]to measure the amount, level, rate etc of something▪ Take the patient's pulse first.19.) ¦(NUMBERS)¦ [T]to make a number smaller by a particular amount= ↑subtract take sth away/take sth (away) from sth▪ 'Take four from nine and what do you get?' 'Five.'▪ Ten take away nine equals one.20.)¦(MONEY)¦ [T]BrE if a shop, business etc takes a particular amount of money, it receives that amount of money from its customersAmerican Equivalent: take in▪ The stall took £25 on Saturday.21.) sb can take it or leave ita) to neither like nor dislike something▪ To some people, smoking is addictive. Others can take it or leave it.b) used to say that you do not care whether someone accepts your offer or not22.) take sb/sth (for example)used to give an example of something you have just been talking about▪ People love British cars. Take the Mini. In Japan, it still sells more than all the other British cars put together.23.) ¦(TEACH)¦ [T]BrE to teach a particular group of students in a school or collegetake sb for sth▪ Who takes you for English?24.) ¦(WRITE)¦ [T]to write down information▪ Let me take your email address.▪ Sue offered to take notes .25.) take sb out of themselvesBrE to make someone forget their problems and feel more confident▪ Alf said joining the club would take me out of myself.26.) take a lot out of you/take it out of youto make you very tired▪ Looking after a baby really takes it out of you.27.) take it upon/on yourself to do sthformal to decide to do something without getting someone's permission or approval first▪ Reg took it upon himself to hand the press a list of names.28.) take sth to bits/piecesBrE to separate something into its different parts▪ how to take an engine to bits29.) be taken with/by sthto be attracted by a particular idea, plan, or person▪ I'm quite taken by the idea of Christmas in Berlin.30.) be taken ill/sickformal to suddenly become ill31.) ¦(SEX)¦ [T]literary if a man takes someone, he has sex with them32.) take a bend/fence/corner etcto try to get over or around something in a particular way▪ He took the bend at over 60 and lost control.33.) ¦(HAVE AN EFFECT)¦if a treatment, ↑dye, drug etc takes, it begins to work successfullybe taken aback [i]phr vto be very surprised about something▪ Emma was somewhat taken aback by his directness.take after [take after sb] phr vto look or behave like an older relative▪ Jenni really takes after her mother.take apart [take sb/sth apart] phr v1.) to separate something into all its different parts≠ ↑put together▪ Tom was always taking things apart in the garage.2.) to search a place very thoroughly▪ The police took the house apart looking for clues.3.) to beat someone very easily in a game, sport, fight etc4.) to show that someone is wrong or something is not true▪ Tariq takes several gay myths apart in his book.take against / [take against sb/sth] phr vto begin to dislike someone or something, especially without a good reason▪ Voters took against the relationship between the government and the unions in the 1970s.take away [take sb/sth<=>away] phr v1.) to remove someone or something, or make something disappear▪ She whisked the tray off the table and took it away.▪ He was taken away to begin a prison sentence.▪ This should take some of the pain away.2.) to take awayBrE if you buy food to take away, you buy cooked food from a restaurant and take it outside to eat it somewhere else→↑takeaway▪ Fish and chips to take away, please.3.) take your breath awayto be very beautiful, exciting, or surprisingtake away from [take away from sth] phr vto spoil the good effect or success that something has▪ The disagreement between the two men should not take away from their accomplishments.take back [take sb/sth<=>back] phr v1.) take sth<=>backto admit that you were wrong to say something▪ You'd better take back that remark!2.) take sth<=>backto take something you have bought back to a shop because it is not suitable▪ If the shirt doesn't fit, take it back.3.) to make you remember a time in the past▪ Having the grandchildren around takes me back to the days when my own children were small.take down [take sth<=>down] phr v1.) to move something that is fixed in a high position to a lower position▪ She made us take down all the posters.2.) to write down information▪ Can I just take some details down?3.) to pull a piece of clothing such as trousers part of the way down your legstake in [take sb/sth<=>in] phr v1.) be taken into be completely deceived by someone who lies to you▪ Don't be taken in by products claiming to help you lose weight in a week.2.) take sb<=>into let someone stay in your house because they have nowhere else to stay▪ Brett's always taking in stray animals.3.) take sth<=>into understand and remember new facts and information= ↑absorb▪ He watches the older kids, just taking it all in.▪ His eyes quickly took in the elegance of her dress.4.) take sth<=>inAmE to collect or earn a particular amount of moneyBritish Equivalent: take5.) to visit a place while you are in the area▪ They continued a few miles further to take in Hinton House.6.) AmE old-fashioned if you take in a show, play etc, you go to see it7.) take sb<=>inBrE old-fashioned if the police take someone in, they take them to a police station to ask them questions about a crime▪ All five teenagers were arrested and taken in for questioning .8.) take sth<=>into make a piece of clothing fit you by making it narrower≠ ↑let outtake off phr v1.) ¦(REMOVE)¦take sth<=>offto remove a piece of clothing≠ ↑put on▪ He sat on the bed to take his boots off.▪ Charlie was taking off his shirt when the phone rang.2.) ¦(AIRCRAFT)¦if an aircraft takes off, it rises into the air from the ground= ↑lift off→↑takeoff▪ I felt quite excited as the plane took off from Heathrow.3.) ¦(SUCCESS)¦to suddenly start being successful▪ Mimi became jealous when Jack's career started taking off .4.) ¦(HOLIDAY)¦take sth off (sth)to have a holiday from work on a particular day, or for a particular length of timetake time off (work/school)▪ I rang my boss and arranged to take some time off.take a day/the afternoon etc off▪ Dad took the day off to come with me.5.) ¦(COPY SOMEBODY)¦take sb<=>offBrE informal to copy the way someone speaks or behaves, in order to entertain peopletake on [take sb/sth<=>on] phr v1.) take sb<=>onto start to employ someone→↑hire▪ We're taking on 50 new staff this year.2.) take sth<=>onto agree to do some work or be responsible for something▪ Don't take on too much work - the extra cash isn't worth it.3.) take sth<=>onto begin to have a particular quality or appearance▪ Her face took on a fierce expression.▪ His life had taken on a new dimension.4.) take sb<=>onto compete against someone or start a fight with someone, especially someone bigger or better than you▪ Nigeria will take on Argentina in the first round of the World Cup on Saturday.▪ He was prepared to take on anyone who laid a finger on us.5.) take sth<=>onif a plane or ship takes on people or things, they come onto it▪ We stopped to take on fuel.take out [take sb/sth<=>out] phr v1.) take sb<=>outto take someone as your guest to a restaurant, cinema, club etctake somebody<=>out for▪ We're taking my folks out for a meal next week.2.) take sth<=>outto make a financial or legal arrangement with a bank, company, law court etctake out a policy/injunction/loan etc▪ Before taking a loan out, calculate your monthly outgoings.3.) take sth<=>outto get money from your bank account= ↑withdraw▪ How much would you like to take out?4.) take sth<=>outto borrow books from a library▪ You can take out six books at a time.5.) take sb/sth<=>out informalto kill someone or destroy something▪ The building was taken out by a bomb.take out on [take sth out on sb] phr vto treat someone badly when you are angry or upset, even though it is not their fault▪ Don't take it out on me just because you've had a bad day.take your anger/frustration etc out on sb▪ Irritated with herself, she took her annoyance out on Bridget.take over phr vto take control of something→↑takeover take sth<=>over▪ His only reason for investing in the company was to take it over.▪ Ruth moved into our apartment and promptly took over.take to / [take to sb/sth] phr v1.) to start to like someone or something▪ Sandra took to it straight away .▪ Charles was an odd character whom Kelly had never really taken to.2.) to start doing something regularlytake to doing sth▪ Dee's taken to getting up at 6 and going jogging.3.) take to your bedto get into your bed and stay there▪ He was so depressed, he took to his bed for a week.take up [take sth up] phr v1.) take sth<=>upto become interested in a new activity and to spend time doing it▪ Roger took painting up for a while, but soon lost interest.2.) to start a new job or have a new responsibility▪ Peter will take up the management of the finance department.take up a post/a position/duties etc▪ The headteacher takes her duties up in August.3.) take sth<=>upif you take up a suggestion, problem, complaint etc, you start to do something about it▪ Now the papers have taken up the story.take something<=>up with▪ The hospital manager has promised to take the matter up with the member of staff involved.▪ I am still very angry and will be taking it up with the authorities.4.) to fill a particular amount of time or spacebe taken up with sth▪ The little time I had outside of school was taken up with work.take up space/room▪ old books that were taking up space in the office5.) take sth<=>upto accept a suggestion, offer, or idea▪ Rob took up the invitation to visit.take up the challenge/gauntlet▪ Rick took up the challenge and cycled the 250 mile route alone.6.) to move to the exact place where you should be, so that you are ready to do something▪ The runners are taking up their positions on the starting line.7.) take sth<=>upto make a piece of clothing shorter≠ ↑let down8.) take sth<=>upto continue a story or activity that you or someone else had begun, after a short break▪ I'll take up the story where you left off.take up on [take sb up on sth] phr vto accept an invitation or suggestiontake sb up on an offer/a promise/a suggestion etc▪ I'll take you up on that offer of a drink, if it still stands.take up with / [take up with sb/sth] phr vold-fashioned to become friendly with someone, especially someone who may influence you badlytake 2take2 n1.)an occasion when a film scene, song, action etc is recorded▪ We had to do six takes for this particular scene.2.) sb's take (on sth)someone's opinion about a situation or idea▪ What's your take on this issue?3.) be on the take informalto be willing to do something wrong in return for money▪ Is it true that some of the generals are on the take?4.) [usually singular] AmE informal the amount of money earned by a shop or business in a particular period of time
Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.